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How to Cook Over Medium Eggs

A beginners guid to frying eggs. This method for over medium eggs is an essential skill that everyone needs to have in the kitchen. Serve these fried eggs on soups, in sandwiches and as a side to bacon and toast.

Over Medium Egg on a white plate.

What is an over medium egg?

Let’s talk about all of the types of fried eggs. Then over medium eggs will make more sense.

Types of Fried Eggs

  • SUNNY SIDE UP EGGS – This type of fried egg is only fried on one side. The eggs are cooked in a non-stick skillet with butter or oil. A little water is added and the skillet is covered with a lid so the top of the egg whites are cooked by steaming. I usually serve these over toasted bread.
  • OVER EASY EGGS – This type of fried egg is fried on both sides. It is cooked on one side until the egg whites are set and no longer translucent. The egg is carefully flipped over and cooked for 10 seconds. This cooks the other side of the egg whites but doesn’t cook the yolk. The yolk remains runny. This is ideal to top soups like Kimchi Udon Noodle Soup or for an open-faced sandwich such as Danish Smorrebrod.
  • OVER MEDIUM EGGS – This type of fried egg is also cooked on both sides. After it is flipped, it is cooked for another 20-30 seconds. This makes the yolk less runny. This is ideal for fried egg sandwiches that you eat with your hands.
  • OVER HARD EGGS – This type of fried egg is cooked the longest. After flipping over, break the yolks with your spatula and cook until the yoke is cooked through and set. This is also great for sandwiches or with bacon and toast. This type of egg is also slice into thin ribbons for garnish in some Korean dishes.
  • SCRAMBLED EGGS – I added this to the list because it is technically a fried egg. There are many techniques for cooking scrambled eggs. A common way to cook this is to pre-heat a non-stick skillet on medium heat then add butter or oil. Add beaten egg to skillet, season with salt and pepper. After the eggs just start to set, stir gently with a rubber spatula, rotate the pan to spread the non cooked parts of the egg. After 30 seconds or so, repeat. Keep doing this until the eggs are cooked to your liking. The longer you do this, the more ‘rubbery’ your eggs will be as the moisture escapes. This is how my husband likes them. Cooking the eggs for a shorter period of time yields eggs that are more moist and fluffy. This is how I like them.

How to Cook Over Medium Eggs Step-by-Step

Pouring egg from bowl to skillet.
Crack egg into small bowl first. Then gently pour it into preheated skillet.
Single egg cooking in a black skillet.
Slowly cook over low heat.
Sunny side up egg in a black skillet.
When egg white is set, gently flip egg over.
Over medium eggs in a black skillet.
Cook for another 30 seconds, then serve.
Over medium egg on toast.

How to flip an over medium egg?

In a preheated non-stick skillet, cook the egg with butter slowly over low heat. When the egg white is mostly set, start to loosen the egg by carefully sliding the rubber spatula under the egg in all directions. Then flip the egg over using the rubber spatula.

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Over medium eggs in a black skillet.

How to Cook Over Medium Eggs

Yield: 1 Egg
Prep Time: 5 minutes
Cook Time: 10 minutes
Total Time: 15 minutes


  • 1 tsp butter
  • 1 large egg
  • Salt & Pepper to taste


  1. Preheat small non-stick skillet over low heat for 5 minutes.
    Add oil or butter and rotate the to evenly distribute as best you can.
  2. Carefully crack eggs into a small bowl. Fish out any shell pieces with the egg shell half. The shells are slightly attracted to each other so this is better than using a spoon or your fingers.
  3. With the bowl close to the surface of the skillet, gently pour out egg. Sprinkle with a pinch of salt and pepper.
  4. Cook on low until egg white is set. They will turn a solid white. This will take about 5 minutes on low.
  5. Using your spatula, gently detach the egg from the pan by scooping under it in all directions. Your egg is now ready for flipping.
  6. Gently flip eggs over one at a time, cook for another 30 seconds to ensure the egg whites on the other side are cooked. Sprinkle with salt and pepper.
  7. Transfer to plates, on top of your sandwich or into a bowl of soup


This recipe is scalable.

Nutrition Information:
Yield: 1 Serving Size: 1
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 106Total Fat: 9gSaturated Fat: 4gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 4gCholesterol: 196mgSodium: 397mgCarbohydrates: 1gFiber: 0gSugar: 0gProtein: 6g

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